Drug Bath Salts: Essential Things You Need to Know
Many individuals have probably heard about drug bath salts but not all are completely familiar with this and are clueless on how it is being used, marketed and its effects on people. If you wish to elevate your awareness and familiarity about drug bath salts, read on.
Drug Bath Salts: What are They?
Synthetic cathinones, commonly known as the “drug bath salts” are types of synthetic or human-made drugs that are chemically related to cathinone, a particular stimulant usually found in khat plant. This plant is a native of Southern Arabia and East Africa. Individuals sometimes chew the leaves of khat plant for their mild and effective stimulant effects. However, in some instances, this can be very dangerous.
The synthetic cathinones commonly take the form of crystal like and brown of white powder and are being sold on small foil or plastic packages labeled; “not recommended for human consumption”. These are also sometimes labeled as “jewelry cleaner”, “plant food” or “phone screen cleaner” and individuals can purchase them online and from drug stores under varieties of brand or street names such as:
- Lunar Wave
- Cloud Nine
- White Lightning
- Vanilla Sky
Other Essential Facts about Drug Bath Salts
The following are more essential information about drug bath salts:
Not for Bathing
These man-made cathinone products are marketed and sold as bath salts and should not be confused with the Epso salts; the original bath salts that are made of mineral combination of sulfate and magnesium and are also added into the bathwater to help relax muscles and relieve stress.
It has been reported that drug bath salts have powerful addictive potentials and have the ability of inducing tolerance. Reports also noted that intense cravings same as the ones experienced by methamphetamine users are also experienced by drug bath salts users. As these might be cut with more other unknown and addictive substances, the real magnitude of addiction and toxicity can even be higher.
How Drug Bath Salts are Made
The drug bath salts are made by putting in active chemicals into it. This drug must contain synthetic cathinone and usually, this is 3, 4 MDVP ( Methylenedioxypyrolaverone) though sometimes a drug known as mephedrone is also being used. Bath salts less commonly contains synthetic stimulant known as methylone.
MDVP is known as a psychoactive stimulant which acts as Norepinephrine-dopamine Reuptake Inhibitor or NDRI. These bath salts are typically sold as powder or tablets and the drug can actually be snorted, injected or swallowed.
How Bath Salts Work
Prior to DEA ruling, these bath salts are noted to be widely and easily accessible online, in convenience stores, smoke shops and more. Bath salts are packaged in small foil or plastic packages in powder form. These are available in 500 and 200 milligrams and are roughly sold per package. Most packages are actually labeled as “not for human consumption” but still individuals are using it. The drug bath salt powder appeared in white, off white or can appear slightly yellow in color.
Bath salts work by producing “high” same as methamphetamine. These have been referred to as legal cocaine. Users of bath salts typically snort this drug intra-nasally however; this can be smoked, injected or ingested orally. Drug bath salts can even be used rectally. Effects are expected to occur with doses that are as low as 3-5 milligram; however the average doses usually range from 5-20 milligrams.
There are risks of overdose since retail packages might contain up to 500 milligrams. If this will be ingested orally, the absorption is rapid and with peak rush at one and a half hour. The effects last for about 3-4 hours and comes the hard crash. The complete drug bath salt experience might last 8 hours upwards.
Reports note that bath salts can result to sympathetic effects on the nervous system like faster heart rate or tachycardia, high blood pressure or hypertension, hyperthermia, seizures or convulsions and more. Deaths have also been reported and many other effects.
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What are the Effects of Drug Bath Salts to People?
There are many instances that users experience psychotic, violent and life-threatening episodes upon using bath salts. The effects usually last 3 to 4 hours however, rapid heartbeat and hypertension and other known effects of stimulant might last longer.
Higher doses can result to extended and intense panic attacks in some individuals and since this drug is said to be stimulant, it can disrupt your sleep. Individuals taking this drug more often might experience sleep deprivation psychosis. Also, addiction can likely be an effect.
Effects of Drug Bath Salts on the Mind
- Uncontrollable craving for drug bath salts
- False euphoria instantly revolving to paranoia
- Severe agitation
- Delusions and hallucinations
- Suicidal thoughts
- Violent behavior
The Effects of Drug Bath Salts to the Body
The physical effects of this drug into the body are:
- Skin rash
- Excessive sweating
- Skin crawling sensation
- Muscular cramping
- Loss of appetite
- High fever
- Sexual dysfunction
- Buzzing or ringing in the ears
- Blurry vision
- Tingling or numbness
- Vomiting and nausea
- Heart attacks and chest pain
- Excessive teeth grinding and more
Emotional and Mental Effects
Mentally, users of drug bath salts will experience agitation, anxiety and euphoria. The person will not feel hungry and might experience tense muscles, headache, dilated pupils, nosebleeds and increased temperature of the body. That person can also feel confused and dizzy and as mentioned, might grind his teeth more often. But these are just said to be milder effects.
More serious effects include psychotic delusions, suicidal attempts and severe hallucinations. Physically, individuals using drug bath salts might experience kidney and liver failure, muscle fiber breakdown and loss of bowel control.
Individuals using bath salts may tear their clothing off since they are emotionally disturbed. Paranoia might also drive individuals to uncontrolled and aggressive attacks on others or might cause self-destruction. Individuals who use this drug excessively might be unresponsive to commands and might stop their own actions. Stun guns and pepper spray might have no effects at all.
Injuries and Deaths Because of Drug Bath Salts
One of the most tragic effects of drug bath salts abuse is death either due to the drug’s direct effect of probably because of the person’s actions. There are incidents reports showing deaths of some individuals. They are actually killed by a person under the influence of this drug. There are many other incidents that resulted to injuries and deaths because of drug bath salts. Indeed, there can really be serious harm due to drug bath salts consumption.
Unwanted Effects of Drug Bath Salts on Health
Hallucinatory effects are usually reported on bath salt users are said to be consistent with other types of drugs like LSD o MDMA which increases the level of another neurotransmitter; the serotonin. Recent studies revealed that these drugs can really raise the level of serotonin in the same manner as MDMA.
Using bath salts can also result to severe and risky health effects and various reports are presented wherein there are some individuals who became violent and psychotic. Though it’s are, there are various cases wherein drug bath salts are proven to be the direct causes of death.
The energizing yet often agitating impacts or effects reported on individuals who have taken drug bath salts experience surge in dopamine resulting to increased activity of feeling of euphoria. Transmitter surges can elevate blood pressure and heart rate.
The Long-term Health Effects
Bath salts can bring in long-term or permanent effects like
- Skeletal muscle tissues breakdown
- Increased heart rate and blood pressure
- Liver and kidney damage and failure
- Brain swelling
- Brain death
It has been found out that drug bath salts contain the most highly addictive compound so chances are, you will likely get addicted to it when you use this drug excessively. This was linked to about 23,000 emergency visits in US alone in 2011. Another study revealed that about 16% of patients were sent into the emergency hospital due to abuse in bath salts. Some were in critical condition way back then while others died.
Overcoming Drug Bath Salts Addiction
Bath salts are undeniably one of the most controversial and newest drugs that hit the streets. These have completely nothing to do with bathing and are only called as such for the reason that these are usually packaged as products for soothing bath and not to be consumed by humans. During the earlier years, bath salts are not legit. But sellers have managed to keep these drugs and not confiscated. Sellers of drug bath salt s are usually head shops, convenience stores and other similar businesses. Now, these drugs have become legal in some countries.
Those who are addicted to drug bath salts might experience losing self-control and touch to reality. These drugs actually work in the brain’s neural pathways changing how the brain functions and resulting to addiction. It is true that drug salt abuse can be devastating but good thing is that there are many possible ways to overcome the addiction. Anyone with drug bath salt addiction or drug bath salt dependency can get help. Go to the home page https://broadwaytreatm.wpengine.com or call 1-714-443-8218 and speak with a counselor about treatment options.
Approaching Loved Ones with Bath Salts Addiction
In the event that somebody you know is dependent on bath salts, odds are they are managing various physical, emotional, and mental issues. Family, companions, neighbors, and even colleagues can give support and love during times of needs of addicted individuals.
It is imperative to remember that your loved one may be defensive about his or her medications. The best thing you can do is offer support and care on their recovery or recuperation journey. Make it clear to them that regardless of what, you are there for them. Continued expression of encouragement and concern and support is vital for their treatment and recovery.
It is essential to keep up a positive relationship with addicted individuals, and on the off chance that you have empowered or helped, them utilize drugs before, it would be best to stop those practices quickly. Empowering practices may include:
- Making excuses for these addicted individuals
- Paying for medications
- Paying for their rent
- Giving them free rides to pick up their medicines
If you are planning to approach a drug bath salt addict, you need to be fully prepared ahead of time and try considering getting help from professionals. Individuals can also get support to be able to navigate the difficult water of a loved one’s addiction. These include support groups, family therapies and family training as well as community reinforcement.
Other Possible Bath Salts Addiction Treatments
Bath salt addiction or abuse is usually completed in three essential parts. The first part is detoxification under the supervision of a medical expert. Detoxification might feel uncomfortable at first since your body has been completely dependent on drugs for a long time. Therefore, having psychological support and medical support on supervised facility can certainly go a long way in terms of preventing relapse.
At present there are really no approved medications that specifically treat addiction or dependence on drug salt baths however, medical experts might prescribe some medications that helps in mitigating more serious and stressful withdrawal symptoms. These medications include antipsyhotics to deal with severe symptoms and Benzodiazephines, a particular type of drug that can be used to manage agitation and extreme anxiety resulting from bath salts withdrawal.
The next part is psychological and emotional therapies. This might require patient to participate in psychological and emotional therapies. This works on effective behavioral conditioning as well as to better prepare drug dependents to live a sober life. With such step, therapists help by working through their anxiety, depression and many other mental health problems. Since both are linked to one another, it is highly imperative to address both during the course of treatment.
The final part of drug bath salt addiction is after care. At this point, recovering patients may proceed to their sober living house or into their own homes. Overcome your addiction with the help of these ways and you will eventually enjoy a life that you deserve.
If you are someone you love is suffering from bath salts addiction, please call 1-714-443-8218 today. Broadway Treatment Center offers is one of the best Orange County rehabs and has been awarded for the work they have done. Learn more about substance abuse treatment facilities by contacting an addiction health professional today.