Broadway provides caring and personalized dual diagnosis addiction treatment plans
Many individuals who are suffering from addiction also find themselves struggling with a mental illness. Often times it is hard to pinpoint which disorder started first, whether it was the substance abuse or the mental illness. Both disorders can exacerbate the other and only a trained professional will be able to treat an individual suffering from both. Broadway Treatment Center staffs certified, and clinically trained psychologists to help assist clients through their dual-diagnosis addiction treatment program.
What is Dual-Diagnosis?
Many people struggling with addiction to drugs or alcohol are also suffering with a mental illness. It can be difficult to figure out which disorder the individual was struggling with first; substance abuse or mental illness. The majority of the time these underlying mental illnesses are undiagnosed and the individuals are trying to self-medicate their symptoms with the use of drugs or alcohol. Other times a person may start to experience adverse mental affects from prolonged and severe substance abuse. Research shows that addiction can intensify and even create the symptoms of a mental illness. It takes a professionally trained clinical psychologist to determine how to treat the whole individual, and Broadway’s dual-diagnosis addiction treatment program can provide help.
Understanding Mental Health and Substance Abuse
Research has shown that there is link between mental health issues and addiction. Although addiction does not always create mental illness, it definitely can in some instances. In almost all cases where an individual is suffering from mental health issues and addiction, the substance abuse will worsen the mental illness symptoms. It is often a cyclical pattern; addiction makes mental illness worse and mental health issues tend to make addiction worse. Because the two disorders are symbiotic this often leads to misdiagnosis of metal health issues because of the effect addiction has on an individual. It is hard to discern which disorder is causing what symptoms.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Many individuals suffering from PTSD try to self-medicate their unpleasant symptoms with their addiction. These individuals often times have flashbacks and nightmares filled with terrifying realistic images. Drugs in the depressant category (alcohol, opiates, benzos, etc) tend to numb the mind which can help them relax and to sleep at night.
Many people who are suffering from an eating disorder use drugs to help them curb their appetite. Drugs in the stimulant category (meth, Adderall, cocaine, etc) stimulate the nervous system which reduces hunger and leads to weight loss. Also, when drugs are taken on an empty stomach their euphoric side effects are a lot stronger.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by fluctuations between manic and depressive states. Individuals suffering from bi-polar disorder often times use substances to self-medicate their extreme states. Typically stimulants, or uppers (cocaine, meth, etc), will be used to help them out of a depressive state. While depressants, or downers (opiates, benzos, etc), are used to help them come out of a manic state. People try to find a place of mental balance through their addiction.
Those suffering from schizophrenia have a very difficult time managing their prescribed medication. Essentially their brain makes them believe things to be a reality when that is not the case. The feeling of hopelessness is common for those individuals suffering from schizophrenia. They try to counter this feeling by using drugs as an escape from their own mind.
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) tends to cause people to destroy relationships with friends and family. This can lead to depression and sometimes suicidal thoughts. Individuals often times use drugs or alcohol to mask these feelings of despair that their behavior has caused. They also turn to substance abuse as a way to self-destruct.
Mood disorders is a broad term that covers many different mental health disorders. Depression and anxiety are the two most common seen in those struggling with addiction. Those suffering from depression often use drugs because it makes them feel good enough to participate in daily life. People with anxiety use drugs or alcohol because it allows them to calm their mind.